Guizot, François


Guizot, François
(1787-1874)
   statesman, historian
   A leading political figure who dominated the French government in the period before the revolution of 1848, François Guizot was born in Nîmes and educated at Geneva and Paris, where he became a professor of modern history at the sor-bonne in 1812. A moderate liberal, he opposed the conservative government of jules de poLiGNAC.He lost his university post under the reactionary King charles x, and later would play an active role in his overthrow during the revolution of july 1830. Under the new king, louis-philippe i, Guizot served as minister of the interior (1830) then as minister of public instruction (1832-37) and, as such, was responsible for the law that bears his name, which mandated the establishment of primary schools in each commune. After serving as ambassador to Great Britain, he replaced adolphe thiers as foreign minister (1840-47), during which time he initially pursued a policy of cooperation with Great Britain, achieving the Franco-British Entente cordiale. in domestic affairs, he opposed the liberals, especially because of his insistence on a limited suffrage, and he favored the capitalists and bourgeoisie. Becoming premier in 1847, Guizot saw his unpopularity increase because of economic crises. His ban on opposition meetings, known as the Banquets, in January 1848 led to the revolution that in the next month ended the reign of louis-philippe I (see revolution of 1848). After a year of exile in Belgium and England, Guizot returned to France, where he devoted the rest of his life to scholarly pursuits and writing. His works include Histoire des origines du gouvernment représentatif (1821-22), Histoire de la révolution d'Angleterre (1826-27), Histoire de la civilisation en Europe (1828), Histoire de la civilisation en France (1830), and Mémoires pour servir à l'histoire de mon temps (1858-67). Guizot was elected to the académie FRANÇAISE in 1836.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Guizot, François — ▪ French politician and historian in full  François Pierre Guillaume Guizot  born October 4, 1787, Nîmes, France died October 12, 1874, Val Richer  French political figure and historian who, as leader of the conservative constitutional… …   Universalium

  • Guizot, François — (1787–1874)    French statesman and historian whose father was executed during the Reign of Terror in 1794. Guizot started a legal career in Paris in 1805, but from 1812 to 1830 he was a professor of modern history at the Sorbonne, where his… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Guizot, François — ► (1787 1874) Político e historiador francés. Fue representante de la burguesía conservadora, de tendencia monárquica y constitucionalista …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Guizot, François (-Pierre-Guillaume) — (4 oct. 1787, Nimes, Francia–12 oct. 1874, Val Richer). Personaje político e historiador francés. Estudió derecho, pero en 1812 devino profesor titular de historia de la Universidad de París. Emergió como líder de los monarquistas… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Guizot, François (-Pierre-Guillaume) — born Oct. 4, 1787, Nîmes, France died Oct. 12, 1874, Val Richer French political figure and historian. He studied law but became a professor of history at the University of Paris in 1812. He emerged as a leader of the conservative constitutional… …   Universalium

  • GUIZOT, FRANÇOIS PIERRE GUILLAUME —    a celebrated French historian and statesman, born at Nîmes; his boyhood was spent at Geneva, and in 1805 he came to Paris to study law, but he soon took to writing, and in his twenty fourth year had published several works and translated… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Guizot — Guizot, François …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • François Guizot — Mandats 22e président du Conseil des ministres français (23e …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Francois Guizot — François Guizot François Guizot 23e président du Conseil des ministres français …   Wikipédia en Français

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